The global geothermal power market exhibited substantial growth in 2022, reaching a valuation of US$ 5.49 billion. It is expected to maintain this growth trajectory with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.3% forecasted from 2023 to 2029.
This impressive expansion can be attributed to the escalating demand for renewable energy sources. Geothermal power, a noteworthy segment of renewable energy, harnesses thermal heat derived from the Earth's crust to generate electricity. It stands as a clean, reliable, and cost-effective alternative to conventional fossil fuels like coal and natural gas.
North America is poised to dominate the global geothermal power market during the forecast period, primarily due to its extensive portfolio of geothermal projects. The region benefits from an abundance of accessible and affordable geothermal resources, which have driven the rapid development of geothermal power projects.
The Asia Pacific region is another significant market set to experience substantial growth. This growth can be attributed to the burgeoning automobile production sector, where geothermal energy plays a crucial role in engine production. The region's rising vehicle production, coupled with the demand for high-performance engines, is driving the adoption of geothermal energy. Moreover, investments in geothermal energy plant construction, especially in China and India, are contributing to the region's expanding market for green energy solutions.
Global Geothermal Power Market Trends:
- Advancements in Geothermal Technologies: Ongoing research and development efforts are leading to advancements in geothermal technologies. Enhanced drilling techniques, efficient heat extraction methods, and improved reservoir management are increasing the overall efficiency and output of geothermal power plants.
- Integration with Other Renewable Sources: The trend of integrating geothermal power with other renewable energy sources like solar and wind is gaining momentum. This combination allows for a more consistent and reliable energy supply, addressing the intermittent nature of some renewable sources.
- Geothermal Heating Applications: Beyond electricity generation, geothermal energy is increasingly used for heating purposes. Geothermal heat pumps are being employed for residential and commercial heating, providing an eco-friendly alternative to traditional heating systems.
- Geothermal Power Projects in Developing Nations: Developing countries are recognizing the potential of geothermal energy as a clean and sustainable power source. As a result, various geothermal power projects are emerging in these regions, contributing to market growth.
Global Geothermal Power Market Restraints:
- High Initial Investment: The upfront capital required for geothermal power plant development, including drilling and infrastructure costs, can be substantial. This high initial investment poses a challenge for potential investors and may hinder market growth.
- Resource Location Constraints: Geothermal resources are not uniformly distributed worldwide. They are geographically constrained to regions with tectonic activity, limiting the areas where geothermal power plants can be established.
- Environmental Impact Concerns: While geothermal power is considered a clean energy source, there are environmental concerns related to the release of trace gases and potential subsurface ecosystem disturbances during drilling and reservoir management.
Global Geothermal Power Market Segmentation: The global geothermal power market report is segmented based on technology, application, and region.
- Dry Steam
- Flash Steam
- Binary Cycle
Among these, the binary cycle technology segment is expected to witness significant growth due to its efficiency and applicability in low-temperature geothermal resources.
- Electricity Generation
- Direct Use Applications (District Heating, Agriculture, Aquaculture, Industrial Processes)
The electricity generation segment is the dominant application, but direct use applications are gaining traction for their versatility and sustainability.
In conclusion, the global geothermal power market is poised for growth, driven by the increasing demand for renewable energy, advancements in technology, and the expanding use of geothermal energy for heating and power generation. However, challenges such as high initial investments and resource location constraints need to be addressed to fully unlock the potential of this sustainable energy source.
The geothermal power sector is currently undergoing significant technological advancements aimed at enhancing its performance and cost-effectiveness. Moreover, the increasing number of projects in this field is expected to drive market growth in the coming years. According to an analysis by Coherent Market Insights, the geothermal power market in the industrial sector reached $1,679.3 million in 2018 and is anticipated to reach $2,465.1 million by 2026, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.0% from 2019 to 2026.
Global Geothermal Power Market Trends:
- Government Support through Tax Benefits and Incentives: Geothermal power is a clean, sustainable, and renewable energy source capable of generating electricity reliably and cost-effectively. It boasts minimal to zero greenhouse gas emissions, making it an eco-friendly option. Governments across various nations are actively promoting the utilization of geothermal energy by offering financial incentives and tax refunds. The global demand for this form of energy is substantial and is expected to continue growing throughout the forecast period.
- Stringent Regulations on Fossil Fuels: Strict governmental regulations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, coupled with concerns regarding fossil fuel scarcity, are driving the demand for geothermal power. For instance, on September 23, 2021, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final rule to phase down U.S. production and consumption of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by 85% over the next 15 years, following the AIM Act mandate. This global phasedown of HFCs is projected to contribute to avoiding up to 0.5°C of global warming by 2100.
Global Geothermal Power Market Restraints:
- High Infrastructure Establishment Costs: A major drawback of geothermal energy is the significant upfront investment required for its setup and operation. However, it is worth noting that these initial costs are expected to be recouped within 5-10 years, leading to long-term savings on energy expenses.
- Limited Availability of Geothermal Energy: Geothermal energy is geographically limited, with suitable locations often located far from urban centers. Consequently, many individuals lack access to this clean energy source, which poses a hindrance to market growth.
In conclusion, the geothermal power industry is poised for growth due to ongoing technological advancements and government support. It offers a clean and sustainable energy solution, particularly as strict regulations target fossil fuels and their associated environmental impact. However, the high initial costs and limited geographical availability remain challenges that need to be addressed to unlock the full potential of geothermal power.
Global Geothermal Power Market Segmentation: The global geothermal power market can be classified based on power station type, end use, and region.
- Power Station Type: This segment includes Dry Steam Power Stations, Flash Steam Power Stations, and Binary Cycle Power Stations. Among these, Binary Cycle Power Stations are poised to dominate the global market during the forecast period. These plants are particularly advantageous for use in artificial lakes with lower temperatures and can provide heat directly without the need for additional cooling systems. Meanwhile, the Flash Steam Power Stations segment is also expected to experience significant growth in the near future. In 2018, the flash steam power stations market accounted for $1,839.7 million and is projected to reach $2,908.0 million by 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.0% from 2019 to 2026. The Asia-Pacific region led the way in this segment, contributing $639.5 million in 2018 and expected to reach $1,070.5 million by 2026, with a CAGR of 6.8%.
- End Use: This segment encompasses Residential, Commercial, Industrial, and Others. Among these, the commercial sector stands as the largest consumer of geothermal energy due to its suitability for heating and cooling systems. Additionally, geothermal power finds application in various industrial processes, including gold mining, milk pasteurization, and food dehydration, which is expected to further fuel growth in this segment. The Residential segment is also expected to witness substantial growth in the near future. This can be attributed to increasing consumer emphasis on reducing electricity bills and adopting eco-friendly practices for electricity generation.
Global Geothermal Power Market: Key Developments:
- In March 2018, Tata Power commissioned a 1-MW geothermal pilot plant in Australia in partnership with Geodynamics, a major player in enhanced geothermal systems. Geodynamics has geothermal exploration interests in three Australian states, including a license to explore 2,000 sq.km in the Cooper Basin.
- In December 2022, Mitsubishi Power, a power solutions brand of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), secured an order from PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE), the geothermal energy subsidiary of Indonesia's state-owned oil and natural gas corporation PT Pertamina (Persero), for a 55 MW power generating unit comprising a steam turbine, generator, and related equipment for the Lumut Balai Unit 2 geothermal power plant.
- In January 2023, the state-owned Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) divested its thermal assets in the Philippines, including its equity in a power generation facility in Cebu province. KEPCO also announced its intention to sell its stake in its partnership with SPC Power Corporation.
Global Geothermal Power Market: Key Companies Insights: The global geothermal power market is marked by high competition, driven by the continuous introduction of new technologies resulting from ongoing research and development efforts by value chain participants. Furthermore, key players are implementing various strategies for business growth, aiming to expand their presence both regionally and globally. Some of the key players in the global geothermal power market include ABB, EDF, Enel SPA (Enel), General Electric (GE), The Tata Power Company Limited, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Inc., Toshiba Corporation, Korea Electric Power Corporation, Siemens AG, and Yokogawa Electric Corporation.
1 Market Overview
1.2 Market Analysis by Type
1.2.1 Overview: Global Revenue by Type: 2022 Versus 2023 Versus 2029
1.3 Market Analysis by Application
1.3.1 Overview: Global Revenue by Application: 2022 Versus 2023 Versus 2029
1.4 Global Market Size & Forecast
1.4.1 Global Sales in Value (2017-2029))
1.4.2 Global Sales in Volume (2017-2029)
1.4.3 Global Price by Type (2017-2029) & (US$/Unit)
1.5 Global Production Capacity Analysis
1.5.1 Global Total Production Capacity (2017-2029)
1.5.2 Global Production Capacity by Geographic Region
1.6 Market Drivers, Restraints and Trends
1.6.1 Market Drivers
1.6.2 Market Restraints
1.6.3 Trends Analysis
2 Manufacturers Profiles
**This is for each company**
2.1.1 Company Details
2.1.2 Company Major Business
2.1.3 Company Product and Services
2.1.4 Company Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019-2022)
3 Sales by Manufacturer
3.1 Global Sales in Volume by Manufacturer (2020-2022)
3.2 Global Revenue by Manufacturer (2020-2022)
3.3 Key Manufacturer Position in Market
3.4 Market Concentration Rate
3.4.1 Top 3 Manufacturer Market Share
3.4.2 Top 6 Manufacturer Market Share
3.5 Global Production Capacity by Company
3.6 Manufacturer by Geography: Head Office and Production Site
3.7 New Entrant and Capacity Expansion Plans
3.8 Mergers & Acquisitions
4 Market Analysis by Region
4.1 Global Market Size by Region
4.1.1 Global Sales in Volume by Region (2017-2029)
4.1.2 Global Revenue by Region (2017-2029)
4.2 North America Revenue (2017-2029)
4.3 Europe Revenue (2017-2029)
4.4 Asia-Pacific Revenue (2017-2029)
4.5 South America Revenue (2017-2029)
4.6 Middle East and Africa Revenue (2017-2029)
5 Market Segment by Type
5.1 Global Sales in Volume by Type (2017-2029)
5.2 Global Revenue by Type (2017-2029)
5.3 Global Price by Type (2017-2029)
6 Market Segment by Application
6.1 Global Sales in Volume by Application (2017-2029)
6.2 Global Revenue by Application (2017-2029)
6.3 Global Price by Application (2017-2029)
7 North America by Country, by Type, and by Application
7.1 North America Sales by Type (2017-2029)
7.2 North America Sales by Application (2017-2029)
7.3 North America Market Size by Country
7.3.1 North America Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2029)
7.3.2 North America Revenue by Country (2017-2029)
7.3.3 United States Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
7.3.4 Canada Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
7.3.5 Mexico Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
8 Europe by Country, by Type, and by Application
8.1 Europe Sales by Type (2017-2029)
8.2 Europe Sales by Application (2017-2029)
8.3 Europe Market Size by Country
8.3.1 Europe Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2029)
8.3.2 Europe Revenue by Country (2017-2029)
8.3.3 Germany Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
8.3.4 France Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
8.3.5 United Kingdom Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
8.3.6 Russia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
8.3.7 Italy Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9 Asia-Pacific by Country, by Type, and by Application
9.1 Asia-Pacific Sales by Type (2017-2029)
9.2 Asia-Pacific Sales by Application (2017-2029)
9.3 Asia-Pacific Market Size by Region
9.3.1 Asia-Pacific Sales in Volume by Region (2017-2029)
9.3.2 Asia-Pacific Revenue by Region (2017-2029)
9.3.3 China Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9.3.4 Japan Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9.3.5 Korea Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9.3.6 India Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9.3.7 Southeast Asia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
9.3.8 Australia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
10 South America by Country, by Type, and by Application
10.1 South America Sales by Type (2017-2029)
10.2 South America Sales by Application (2017-2029)
10.3 South America Market Size by Country
10.3.1 South America Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2029)
10.3.2 South America Revenue by Country (2017-2029)
10.3.3 Brazil Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
10.3.4 Argentina Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
11 Middle East & Africa by Country, by Type, and by Application
11.1 Middle East & Africa Sales by Type (2017-2029)
11.2 Middle East & Africa Sales by Application (2017-2029)
11.3 Middle East & Africa Market Size by Country
11.3.1 Middle East & Africa Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2029)
11.3.2 Middle East & Africa Revenue by Country (2017-2029)
11.3.3 Turkey Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
11.3.4 Egypt Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
11.3.5 Saudi Arabia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
11.3.6 South Africa Market Size and Forecast (2017-2029)
12 Sales Channel, Distributors, Traders and Dealers
12.1 Sales Channel
12.1.1 Direct Marketing
12.1.2 Indirect Marketing
12.2 Typical Distributors
12.3 Typical Customers
13 Research Findings and Conclusion
14.2 Research Process and Data Source
Secondary Research Information is collected from a number of publicly available as well as paid databases. Public sources involve publications by different associations and governments, annual reports and statements of companies, white papers and research publications by recognized industry experts and renowned academia etc. Paid data sources include third party authentic industry databases.
Once data collection is done through secondary research, primary interviews are conducted with different stakeholders across the value chain like manufacturers, distributors, ingredient/input suppliers, end customers and other key opinion leaders of the industry. Primary research is used both to validate the data points obtained from secondary research and to fill in the data gaps after secondary research.
The market engineering phase involves analysing the data collected, market breakdown and forecasting. Macroeconomic indicators and bottom-up and top-down approaches are used to arrive at a complete set of data points that give way to valuable qualitative and quantitative insights. Each data point is verified by the process of data triangulation to validate the numbers and arrive at close estimates.
The market engineered data is verified and validated by a number of experts, both in-house and external.
REPORT WRITING/ PRESENTATION
After the data is curated by the mentioned highly sophisticated process, the analysts begin to write the report. Garnering insights from data and forecasts, insights are drawn to visualize the entire ecosystem in a single report.